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Instruction: Click on the spheres in the correct order to complete the medieval cosmos

Water
Air
Fire
Moon
mercury
Venus
Sun
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn

Fixed
Stars

Ninth Heaven
Crystalline
Empyrean

Medieval people imagined the earth to be at the still centre of a dynamic cosmos. It was enclosed within multiple transparent spheres, nested closely within one another like the layers of an onion (a popular analogy of the time).

Medieval Universe quiz

1. This planet’s qualities are hot and damp and its colour is sliver.

 
 
 

2. What parts of the body does pisces rule?

 
 
 

3. This planet is difficult to see because it keeps pace with the sun.

 
 
 

4. Where did Aristotle say the sun’s light and heat came from?

 
 
 

5. Which element is linked to the humour black bile?

 
 
 

6. What parts of the body does gemini rule?

 
 
 

7. Which sphere is inhabited by the blessed?

 
 
 

8. Which planet is sometimes called the Morning Star?

 
 
 

9. The 12 zodiac signs are located in this sphere.

 
 
 

10. Which element is linked to the humour phlegm?

 
 
 

11. Which planet is fiery and causes wars?

 
 
 

12. Which planet is the largest?

 
 
 

13. Translate celum novum.

 
 
 

14. Which angelic movers were linked to the sun?

 
 
 

15. What is a celestial intelligence?

 
 
 

16. Which planet is cold and moist?

 
 
 

17. What are the qualities of earth?

 
 
 

18. What are the qualities of fire?

 
 
 

19. Who did Christians identify with the Prime Mover?

 
 
 

20. This sphere was thought to contain the ‘waters above the firmament’

 
 
 

21. Which planet completes its circuit in 30 years?

 
 
 


This website was designed by Dr Sophie Page (UCL). Thanks to Rakhe Mahia Abedin and Kathleen Walker Meikle for their help in developing the concepts.