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Recommended Reading



The Fall of Lucifer. Ms. Ludwig XIII 5 (ca.1475, Ghent), f.26r

Primary Sources

Pierre d’Ailly, Ymago Mundi (1410), see selections in E. Grant, ed., A Source Book in Medieval Science (Cambridge, Mass, 1974), pp. 630-639

Genesis 1:1:

Sections on cosmology and astronomy, ed. Grant, A Sourcebook of Medieval Science (1974)


Lewis, C.S., The Discarded Image (1964)

Edson, E., and Savage-Smith, E., Medieval Views of the Cosmos (2004)

Murdoch, J., Album of Science: Antiquity and the Middle Ages (1984), chs. 19, 24, 25, 26

Osler, M., Reconfiguring the world: nature, god, and human understanding from the Middle Ages to early modern Europe (2010), ch. 1

Simek, R., Heaven and Earth in the Middle Ages (1997)

Myth, Science and Cosmology in the 12th Century

Dronke, P. Fabula: Explorations into the Uses of Myth in Medieval Platonism (Leiden, 1974)

—. A History of Twelfth Century Western philosophy (1988)

Kauntze, M., Authority and Imitation: A Study of the ‘Cosmographia’ of Bernardus Silvestris (Leiden, 2014)

Weatherbee, W., The Cosmographia of Bernardus Silvestris (1972)

Stock, B., Myth and Science in the Twelfth Century (1972) The Aristotelian Cosmos

Grant, E., ‘Cosmology’ in The Cambridge History of Science (2015)

—, Planets, Stars, and Orbs: the Medieval Cosmos, 1200-1687 (Cambridge, 1994). An interesting appendix to this book lists 400 questions medieval scholars asked about the universe.

—, ‘Science and Theology in the Middle Ages’ in Lindberg and Numbers, eds, God and Nature (1986)

‎—,‎ The Nature of Natural Philosophy in the Late Middle Ages (2010), esp. ch. 6

Lindberg, D. C., The Beginnings of Western Science (Chicago, 1992), pp. 245-280 ‘Cosmology’.

North, J., The Fontana History of Astronomy and Cosmology (London, 1994), pp. 225-271

Dales, R.C, ‘The de-animation of the heavens in the Middle Ages’, Journal of the history of ideas, 41 (1980), pp. 531-550

Lemay, ‎ J. ‘Science and Theology at Chartres: The Case of the Supracelestial Waters’, British ‎Journal for the History of Science 10 (1977), 226-36 ‎

North, J. D., Chaucer’s Universe (Oxford, 1988).

—, ‎ Stars, minds, and fate: essays in ancient and medieval cosmology (London, 1989)Allers, R., ‘Microcosmus from Anaximander to Paracelsus’, Traditio 2 (1944):319–407 Gill, M. J., Angels and the Order of Heaven in Medieval and Renaissance Italy (2014) Astrological Medicine Medieval Medicine: A Reader, ed. Faith Wallis, Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures, XV (Toronto: Toronto University Press, 2010), pp. 286-8. Carey, H. M., Astrological Medicine and the Medieval English Folded Almanac”, Society for the History of Medicine (2004) 17(3): 345-363